The Identity Theft Trends and Issues: CRS Report for
Congress provides a good review of relevant trends, statutes and
authorities relating to identity theft as well as an overview of
the legislative landscape. The Summary from the report is
included below. For the complete report, see:
[report summary starts here]
In the wake of the economic downturn, policymakers are
increasingly concerned with securing the economic health of the
United States--including combating those crimes that threaten to
further undermine the nation's financial stability. Identity
theft is one such crime. It is the fastest growing type of fraud
in the United States; in 2008 about 9.9 million Americans were
reportedly victims of identity theft, an increase of 22% from
the number of cases in 2007. In addition, the Federal Trade
Commission (FTC) estimates that it costs consumers about $50
billion annually. Identity theft is often committed to
facilitate other crimes such as credit card fraud, document
fraud, or employment fraud, which in turn can affect not only
the nation's economy but its security. Consequently, in securing
the nation and it's economic health, policymakers are also
tasked with reducing identity theft and its impact.
Congress continues to debate the federal government's role in
(1) preventing identity theft and its related crimes, (2)
mitigating the potential effects of identity theft after it
occurs, and (3) providing the most effective tools to
investigate and prosecute identity thieves. With respect to
preventing identity theft, one issue concerning policymakers is
the prevalence of personally identifiable information--and in
particular, the prevalence of social security numbers (SSNs)--in
both the private and public sectors. One policy option to reduce
their prevalence may involve restricting the use of SSNs on
government-issued documents such as Medicare identification
cards. Another option could entail providing federal agencies
with increased regulatory authority to curb the prevalence of
SSN use in the private sector. In debating policies to mitigate
the effects of identity theft, one option Congress may consider
is whether to strengthen data breach notification requirements.
Such requirements could affect the notification of relevant law
enforcement authorities as well as any individuals whose
personally identifiable information may be at risk from the
There have already been several legislative and
administrative actions aimed at curtailing identity theft.
Congress enacted legislation naming identity theft as a federal
crime in 1998 (P.L. 105-318) and later provided for enhanced
penalties for aggravated identity theft (P.L. 108-275). In April
2007, the President's Identity Theft Task Force issued
recommendations to combat identity theft, including specific
legislative recommendations to close identity theft-related gaps
in the federal criminal statutes. In a further attempt to curb
identity theft, Congress directed the FTC to issue an Identity
Theft Red Flags Rule (effective November 1, 2009), requiring
that creditors and financial institutions with specified account
types develop and institute written identity theft prevention
Multiple federal agencies, including the Federal Bureau of
Investigation; U.S. Secret Service; U.S. Postal Inspection
Service; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement; and Social
Security Administration, Office of the Inspector General, are
involved in investigating identity theft. Further, prosecutions
and convictions of identity theft and aggravated identity theft
cases have continued to increase since becoming federal crimes.
In line with this trend, there has been a general increase in
the number of identity theft complaints to the FTC as well in
the number of reported data breaches placing personally
identifiable information at risk.
This report will be updated as needed.
About the ICFE:
The Institute of Consumer Financial Education (ICFE) was founded in 1982 by the late Loren Dunton (creator of the Certified Financial Planner (CFP) designation). The ICFE is dedicated to helping consumers of all ages to improve their spending, increase savings and use credit more wisely.
The ICFE is an award winning, nonprofit, consumer education organization that has helped millions of people through its education programs and Resources. It publishes the Do-It-Yourself Credit File correction Guide, which is updated annually. The ICFE has distributed over one million Credit/Debit Card Warning Labels and Credit/Debit Card Sleeves world wide.
The ICFE became an official partner with the Department of Defense/Financial Readiness Campaign in June of 2004.The ICFE was an active partner in the California Student Debt Resource Awareness Project (CASDRAP) which resulted in a new web site: (studentdebthelp.org). CASDRAP disbanded in 2010, shortly after the web site project was completed. In 2011 the ICFE assumed the single sponsorship of the (studentdebthelp.org) web site and is now responsible for its content and operation.
The ICFE is also an on-line help for consumers who spend too much. ICFE's spending help was featured in PARADE Magazine in the Intelligence Report section. The money helps and tips are from the ICFE's Money Instruction Book, our course in personal finance.
Visit the ICFE's other web sites at: www.financial-education-icfe.org and studentdebthelp.org. Both sites helps consumers and students with mending spending, learning about the proper use of credit, budget and expense guidelines, how to set up and implement a spending-plan and also how to access financial education courses and how to teach children about money. Other ICFE services include: Ask Mr. G, a free eNews, and an online resource center for students, parents and educators, plus financial education learning tools and a book store.